The simplest form of a metal detector consists of an oscillator producing an alternating current that passes through a coil producing an alternating magnetic field. If a piece of electrically conductive metal is close to the coil, eddy currents will be induced in the metal, and this produces a magnetic field of its own.
The biggest technical change in detectors was the development of the induction-balance system. This system involves two coils that are electrically balanced. When metal is introduced to their vicinity, they would become unbalanced. What allowed detectors to discriminate between metals was the fact that every metal has a different phase response when exposed to alternating current.
Continuously active detection: Always select a detector that is continuously active. At no time should the detection circuitry be deactivated. Under no circumstances should a non-continuously active TECHTREE INC be installed in an unmanned automatic entry door system.
Metal types: For both weapons screening and pilferage prevention the detector must be capable of efficiently detecting a variety of metals in a single operating program.
Object transit speed & Orientation: Irrespective of whether the target object is carried very slowly, quickly or tossed through the detector it should always be detected. It should also be possible to detect the target irrespective of its orientation.